White clover is a perennial legume that is more persistent than red clover. It can withstand heavy field traffic and thrive under shady, moist conditions.
Types: Cultivars of white clover are grouped by plant height and leaf size.
White Dutch is short growing but has the greatest persistence and winter hardiness.
New Zealand is intermediate in height, flowers profusely and has some heat tolerance.
Ladino fixes the most nitrogen, is taller and higher yielding, but less persistent than White Dutch.
Excellent choice for beef or dairy pastures to increase productivity, palatability, intake, protein, and energy.
Widely adapted, easy to establish, and prefers medium to heavy soils. Avoid droughty soils.
Pasture & Hay
- Not a good choice for horse pastures.
- Can cause bloat.
- Most white clovers are aggressive; keep seeding rates low.
February – May, July 15 – August 30. Can be frost-seeded.
6-8 lbs/acre straight or 1-3 lbs/acre in a mix. Drill or broadcast. Do not plant deeper than ¼ in. Smaller seed than red clover.